The book of hebrews was probably written shortly after ad 60. Intro to hebrews biblica the international bible society. However, internal evidence such as the fact that timothy was alive at the time the epistle was written and the absence of any evidence showing the end of the old testament sacrificial system that occurred with jerusalems destruction in a. With its myriad references to hebrew customs and the old testament, the book was likely sent to a jewish christian community, possibly in rome. Emphases on the levitical priesthood and on sacrifices, as well as the absence of any reference to the gentiles, support the conclusion that a community of hebrews was the recipient of the epistle. Weve also focused on the original purpose of hebrews by examining how the author wrote his book to exhort his audience to turn from local jewish teachings and to reaffirm their loyalty to jesus as the messiah. Jesus is both the divine son of god and completely human, and in his priestly role he clears the way for human beings to approach the father in heaven through prayer hebrews 4. Christians must not forsake the great salvation that jesus has brought about. When you start studying any book of the bible, you should start by collecting some background information. Introduces perspectives on the author, audience, date and purpose of the book of hebrews that can help us interpret the original meaning and apply this book to our modern world. He is greater than angels, the torah, moses, the promised land, priests, melchizedek, sacrifices, and the covenant. Aug 11, 2015 lesson 1 introduces perspectives on the author, audience, date and purpose of the book of hebrews that can help us interpret the original meaning and apply this book to our modern world.
The book of hebrews compares and contrasts jesus to key historical people and events from the old testament. Clement of alexandria suggests that paul wrote the book originally in hebrew and that luke translated it into greek, though the greek of hebrews bears no resemblance to translation greek e. Hebrews makes important theological contributions to the biblical canon. Watch our overview video on the book of hebrews, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. Hebrews is the only anonymous document in the new testament its author is unknown. Epistle to the hebrews encyclopedia of the bible bible. Free courses introducing and detailing the book of hebrews from the gospel coalition. Early manuscripts bear the title to the hebrews, which reflects the ancient assumption that it was written to jewish christians as well as gentile christians who previously had been drawn to the jewish religion. Hebrews is commonly referred to as a letter, though it does not have the typical form of a letter. Throughout the book of hebrews, we discover that jesus is greater than any old testament event or person. The epistle to the hebrews, or letter to the hebrews, or in the greek manuscripts, simply to the. The book of hebrews boldly proclaims the superiority of jesus christ and christianity over other religions, including judaism.
Authorship of the epistle to the hebrews wikipedia. Theres been speculation in the past that it was the apostle paul but i think we dont know who wrote it. The book of hebrews kjv audio bible full by alexander scourby. They must hold on by faith to the true rest found in christ, and they must encourage others in the church to do the same. It is probable that the epistle was written near his second roman imprisonment, about 6062 ad. The author is anonymous, although either paul or barnabas was traditionally accepted as the author. I am basing my notes on the olive tree bible software edition provided to me free of charge as i did not receive my print edition. The book of hebrews doesnt actually tell us who wrote it, and i dont think we really know who wrote the book of hebrews. If you want to see the supremacy and sufficiency of christ, read this book. So, lets see what the bible tells us about the background of the book of james. Cain the first human murderer recorded in the bible, hebrews 11. Many of its topics and themes are difficult to understand, but it helps when we recognize that the original audience was facing persecution and that they were tempted to turn away from christ. Book of hebrews overview insight for living ministries. The main theme of the book of hebrews can be found in the opening verses.
This free course explains the background, purpose, structure and content of the book of hebrews, one of the most challenging books in the new testament. Lesson 1 introduces perspectives on the author, audience, date and purpose of the book of hebrews that can help us interpret the original meaning and apply this book. Mar 03, 2005 hebrews is a book of comparisons, but it is not judaism compared to christianity, but judaism compared to christ. However, since the third century this has been questioned, and the consensus among most modern scholars is that the author is unknown. If there is a widespread unfamiliarity with the epistle to the hebrews and its teaching, it is because so many adherents of the church have settled for an understanding and superficial association with the christian faith. Although some include the book of hebrews among the apostle pauls writings, the certain identity of the author remains an enigma. Introduction to hebrews 10 isaiah gives some remarkable insights into the apocalyptic language used in the bible. Hebrews is the only anonymous document in the new testament its author is unknown, and in the western church uncertainty over the epistles authorship delayed its acceptance into the new testament canon or list of authentic writings. Unfortunately, questions about authorship and the ways some heretical. Mar 05, 2018 begin your study of the book of james with some preliminary work. Nov 18, 2015 the book of hebrews is a great study on christology. What is the historical background of the book of hebrews. One such example is its use of the word fire which apocalyptically refers to gods judgment see hebrews 10.
Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things. Since the epistle is filled with references to hebrew history and religion and does not address any. Hebrews is one of the most challenging books in the new testament. Blackhawk church eat this book weekly bible guide reading hebrews key historical background the author of the book is anonymous. Jesus is the great high priest, the eternal mediator between god and man who never stops mediating, and is the perfect fulfillment of all prophecies and types and shadows pointing to the hebrew messiah within the old covenant. Significantly, the book makes no reference to the destruction of the temple at jerusalem in ad 70, and the author wrote as if the sacrificial system were still in existence hebrews 10. Difficulty in todays church, hebrews must be one of the least read, least studied, and therefore seemingly least valued books of the new testament. He is the ultimate revelation of gods love and mercy and is worthy of our devotion. It has also been described as an intricate new testament book.
Hebrews intro to hebrews biblica the international bible society. Jesus christ is greater than any angel, priest, or old covenant practice. This book explores the implications of the idea that the context for hebrews is the same as that of colossians based on the correct observation of the similarities between the two lettersthough he pushes it perhaps beyond what it can bear, and reads the book in the context of a pilgrimage motif. In a logical argument, the author demonstrates christs superiority, then adds practical instructions for following jesus. Much more than simply theology or a word study, the bible knowledge background commentary opens a window to transport the reader back into the setting of the new testament to see, touch, and hear as much of the world of that time as possible. The book of hebrews is a general epistle apostolic letter.
I will not make comments on the layout or usability of the print edition. The writer of this letter does not identify himself, but he was obviously well known to the original recipients. Jan 02, 2020 regardless of the human hand that held the pen, the holy spirit of god is the divine author of all scripture 2 timothy 3. New testament and second temple judaism scholar eric mason argues that the conceptual background of the priestly christology of the epistle to the hebrews closely parallels presentations of the messianic priest and melchizedek in the qumran scrolls. When we meet with other believers to study the word we are challenged to dig into it and share what we have learned with one another fulfilling the command found in hebrews 10. Gods final word in his son god, after he spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, in these last days has spoken to us in his son, whom he appointed heir of all things, through whom also he made the world. Zondervan illustrated bible backgrounds commentary hebrews. He is greater than angels, he is the priest after the order of melchizedek, he is the perfect sacrifice, and so on. Hebrews clearly lays out the present priestly ministry of christ in the life of the believer. Even early in the churchs history, a christian as learned as origen had to admit his. Oct 17, 2011 this does create a platform or foundation upon which todays christian believers can find traction, context and understanding in the book of hebrews. Philip edgcumbe hughes opens the introduction to his commentary on hebrews with some insights into this very enigmatic book. Although these hebrews were primarily converts to christ, there were probably a number of unbelievers in their midst, who. It shows you how the old pointed to the new, how the former.
Aug 29, 2016 niv cultural backgrounds study bible niv cultural backgrounds study bible on my android tablet note. The epistle to the hebrews of the christian bible is one of the new testament books whose canonicity was disputed. The author does not identify himself or those addressed, which letter writers normally did. Hebrews uses old testament quotations interpreted in light of first century rabbinical judaism. Aug 11, 2002 he is the new testament editor for the revised expositors bible commentary and the author of various books and commentaries, including mark and colossiansphilemon in the niv application commentary, and the article on mark in the zondervan illustrated bible backgrounds commentary. One of the best places to delve into bible study is in small discussion groups. Hebrews in the picture study bible the book of hebrews. Some secondcentury jewish followers of jesus, eager to affirm jesus as greater than merely human but reluctant to consider him divine, viewed him as an angel. This summary of the book of hebrews provides information about the title, author s, date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the book of hebrews. There have been many guesses through history, the most common suggestions being paul or barnabas or apollos. In this lesson on the background and purpose of hebrews, weve looked at the background of the book of hebrews, including the author, the audience and the date of composition.
Bible study series on the book of hebrews chapter by chapter. Although hebrews is not written in apocalyptic language, it does employ it. The task of a biblical expositor is to consider the evidence available concerning the historical context of a document, draw a conclusion based on that evidence, and interpret the text accordingly. Its purpose was to present the lord jesus christ as perfect and superior in comparison to anything. Scripture by scripture explanation of the book of hebrews. Traditionally, paul the apostle was thought to be the author. Jesus christ is clearly greater than anything that the old covenant had produced. And he offers no manner of greeting, such as is usually found at. The key phrase to me in the book of hebrews is a new and living way heb.792 110 833 332 1400 51 216 1339 267 402 1012 758 1116 725 480 396 10 848 403 1223 616 453 890 455 319 988 203 815 1092 1022 1077